15 April 2005
UN Project Finds Thousands of Megawatts of Solar, Wind Energy Potential in 13 Developing Countries
(Reissued as received.)
WASHINGTON, D.C., 14 April (UNEP) -- Thousands of megawatts of new renewable energy potential in Africa, Asia, South and Central America have been discovered by a pioneering project to map the solar and wind resource of 13 developing countries.
The multimillion dollar project, called the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA), is proving that the potential for deploying solar panels and wind turbines in these countries is far greater than previously supposed.
First results from the project are being released here today in Washington D.C. at an international meeting of scientists and policymakers organised by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), which is coordinating SWERA on behalf of more than 25 institutions around the world.
In developing countries all over the world we have removed some of the uncertainty about the size and intensity of the solar and wind resource, said Klaus Toepfer, UNEPs Executive Director. These countries need greatly expanded energy services to help in the fight against poverty and to power sustainable development. The SWERA offers them the technical and policy assistance to capture the potential that renewable energy can offer, he said.
Since its beginning, in 2001, and with substantial support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the $9.3 million SWERA project (http://swera.unep.net) has been developing a range of new information tools to stimulate renewable energy development, including detailed maps of wind and solar resources.
As energy planners seek cleaner energy solutions using renewable energy technologies, the availability of reliable, accurate and accessible solar and wind energy information is critical and can significantly accelerate the deployment of these technologies, says Mr. Toepfer.
He cited the case of California, where the availability of good wind data greatly accelerated the development of wind farms and a global wind industry. Likewise, he says, SWERAs aim is to support informed decision-making, develop energy policy based on science and technology, and increase investor confidence in renewable energy projects.
The SWERA team has assessed wind and solar energy resources using a range of data from satellites and ground-based instruments -- often with surprising results. In Nicaragua, for example, SWERA assessments of wind resources demonstrated a much greater potential than the 200 megawatts (MW) estimated in the 1980s.
The results prompted the Nicaraguan National Assembly to pass the Decree on Promotion of Wind Energy of Nicaragua 2004 that gives wind-generated electricity first dispatch, meaning it has the first priority over other options when fed into electricity grids. The US Trade and Development Agency and the Inter-American Development Bank have subsequently launched wind energy feasibility studies in Nicaragua, and wind investment projects are now advancing with 40 MW planned in two projects and two more exploration licenses granted.
The SWERA information is also providing solar resource information for a range of cooperative efforts in Nicaragua between groups, such as the World Bank and the GEF for projects focused on rural electrification. Six thousand (6,000) solar PV systems, for example, are being installed in World Bank and Inter-American Development Bank rural electrification programmes.
In Guatemala, wind estimates before SWERA were mostly unknown, but is now estimated at 7,000 megawatts, based on SWERA products. The Guatemala Ministry of Energy has established, with support from SWERA, the Centre for Renewable Energy and Investment within the Ministry to carry out validation studies and identify sites for wind energy development.
In Sri Lanka, the SWERA assessment found a land wind power potential of about 26,000 MW representing more than 10 times the countrys installed electrical capacity, while an initial assessment in Ghana reveals more than 2,000 MW of wind energy potential, mainly along the border with Togo. In Africa, this is quite a significant amount, as by some estimates, the continent needs just 40,000 MW of electricity to power its industrialization (see UNEP Governing Council, http://www.unep.org/gc/gc23/)
The SWERAs data collection and analysis network of international and national agencies is also creating a global archive of solar and wind energy resources and maps that is available on CD-ROM or through the website. Another important SWERA tool, the Geospatial Toolkit, allows wind and solar maps to be combined with electrical distribution grids and other information to provide high-quality information that supports energy planning and policy development, while lowering the risk for renewable energy project developers and reducing project lead times.
Speaking from Washington, D.C., Tom Hamlin, SWERA Project Manager, said the project is now under evaluation and will be seeking support to service requests from renewable energy development programmes in other developing countries.
SWERA has clearly demonstrated that the modest amounts needed to support renewable energy assessments can significantly change the way countries pursue their energy goals, he said.
The countries where SWERA has carried out surveys to date are: Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Cuba, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, Kenya, Nepal, Nicaragua and Sri Lanka.
According to Mr. Toepfer, SWERA is a good example of international cooperation that can produce a range of positive environmental and social outcomes. In the case of renewable energy, he concludes. Knowledge is literally power.
Summary on SWERA: http://swera.unep.net.
Information on UNEP Energy: http://www.unep.fr/en/branches/energy.htm.
For more information, please contact: Jim Sniffen, UNEP Information Officer, New York, tel.: 1 212 963-8094/8210, e-mail: email@example.com; or Robert Bisset, UNEP Spokesperson in Europe, tel.: 33 1 4437-7613, mobile: 33 6 2272 5842, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Eric Falt, Spokesperson/Director of UNEPs Division of Communications and Public Information, tel.: 254 2 623292, mobile: 254 (0) 733 682656, e-mail: email@example.com; or Nick Nuttall, UNEP Head of Media, tel.: 254 2 623084, mobile: 0733 632755; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
SWERA Partner Institutions include: The Energy Resources Institute TERI (India); National Renewable Energy Laboratory (USA); Risoe National Laboratory (Denmark); State University of New York/Albany (USA); UNEP Global Resource Information Database GRID/Sioux Falls, South Dakota (USA); National Institute for Space Research -- INPE (Brazil); German Technical Cooperation Agency GTZ, German Aerospace Centre DLR; Brazilian Wind Energy Centre CBEE, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Brazil); Chinese Renewable Energy Industry Association; University of Dhaka (Bangladesh); Centre for Energy Studies and AEPC (Nepal); National Engineering Research and Development Centre (Sri Lanka); Ministry of Mines and Energy (Ghana); Ministry of Energy (Kenya); Ethiopian Rural Energy Development Centre Energia y Minas (Guatemala); Ministerio del Energia (Nicaragua); Ministerio de Recursos Naturales y Ambiente (Honduras); University of Central America (El Salvador); Agencia de Ciencia y Tecnologia (Cuba); Natural Resources Canada -- RETScreen Renewable Energy in the Americas (OAS); National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA).
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